You are here

IAD Submission Guidelines

Institute for African Development/Cambridge Scholars Publishing Style and Formatting Guidelines


Please refer to Chicago Manual of Style for all questions not covered in these guidelines.


To facilitate editing, please follow these conventions in preparing your manuscript:


1)      define all acronyms upon their first use;

2)      break up text with headings and subheadings as appropriate;

3)      number the pages;

4)      avoid notes as much as possible, and use endnotes rather than footnotes;

5)      include full citations of all references: author, date, title, and publisher in a bibliography at the end of the manucript.


Text should be double-spaced with half-inch paragraph indents, and appropriate headers should be used. Please make sure that each level of header is clearly and consistently defined throughout the manuscript. Use double quotation marks for all cases (including single words) except for quotes within quotes.


Notes should be numbered and placed at the end of each chapter. We use the author/date system for in-text citations (e.g. Smith 2008), with full bibliography at the end of the manuscript (see below for examples; see the Chicago Manual of Style for more information).


Tables and figures should be numbered as follows: Table 2-3; Fig. 2-3, in each case “2” refers to the chapter number and “3” to the third table or figure within chapter 2. While tables and figures can be extremely valuable in conveying a message at times, please economize on their use to the extent you can.


Order of the Parts of the Book:


Front Matter

Title Page with author(s)’ name(s) and contact information

Dedication (where applicable)

Epigraph (where applicable)

Table of contents

List of Illustrations (where applicable)

List of Tables (where applicable)

Foreword (where applicable)

Preface (where applicable)

Acknowledgments (if not part of preface)

Introduction or introductory note (where applicable)

List of abbreviations or chronology (where applicable)


Main Text


End Matter

Appendixes (A, B, C, etc.)


Glossary (where applicable)


List of Contributors (where applicable)



In-text citation examples

Single author: Last name, year, page number

(Johnson 2006, 72)


Two authors:

(Joseph and Gillies 2009, 83)


Three or more authors:

(Carlsson et al. 1997)


Bibliographic entries – examples

In the bibliography, any entries with three or more authors, referenced as et al. in the text, must here be named in full.



Carlsson, J., G. Somolekae, and N. van de Walle. 1997. Foreign Aid in Africa: Learning from Country Experiences. Uppsala: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.


Chapter in book:

Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation. 2006. “Direct Budget Support, Disbursement Mechanisms, and Predictability.” In Budget Support as More Effective Aid? Recent Experiences and Emerging Lessons, ed. S. Koeberle, Z. Stavreski and J. Walliser. Washington, DC: World Bank.


Journal article, multiple authors:

Acharya, A., A. de Lima, and M. Moore. 2006. “Proliferation and Fragmentation: Transactions Costs and the Value of Aid.” Journal of Development Studies 42:1, 1–21.


Article accessed from a web site:

Beaumont, P. 2010. “Deadly Attacks on Rwandan Opposition Spark Warning by UN.” The Observer. July 18. Accessed July 20, 2011.